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Surgery for Digestive

Management of endometriosis of the colon and rectum
Our center's specialization

Deep endometriosis can affect the digestive system, infiltrating the various layers of the wall of the rectum, colon, small intestine and appendix.

The frequency of this type of endometriosis is difficult to accurately estimate. In a survey (1) conducted in 2015 in 56 French centers, it was estimated that in France more than 1,200 patients per year have surgery for endometriosis of the colon and rectum.

General information on digestive endometriosis

Probably the most frequent place that “non-gynecological” endometriosis is found involves the digestive tract. In the vast majority of cases it is located in the rectum and sigmoid colon. In less than 10% of cases, endometriosis lesions are also identified in the appendix, at the end of the small intestine (the last 30-40 cm), or the nearest part to the colon (caecum). In contrast, endometriosis lesions are very rare or absent in the stomach, duodenum, proximal and intermediate parts of the small intestine or on the surface of the liver and spleen.

schéma anatomique digestif
Fig 1: Anatomy of digestive endometriosis sites

and nodules

Digestive lesions are single in around 2/3 of cases, and multifocal in around 1/3 of cases, where they may be separated by several centimeters of healthy bowel.

Nodule endométriose profonde intestin
Fig 2 : Anatomical specimen after segmental digestive resection. The blue arrows indicate the areas affected by endometriosis, separated by several centimeters of healthy colon.

The lesions in the digestive tract may be superficial, 2-3 mm thick, and involve only the superficial layer of the intestine (the serosa, A), or larger and deeper, involving the muscular (B), submucosal or mucosal layers.

schéma endométriose digestive
Fig 3 :Diagram of digestive lesions showing depth of impact. A= superficial serosa lesion B= deep muscular lesion

Deep nodules are responsible for considerable thickening of the digestive tract wall and by a proliferation of muscle cells which push the mucosa towards the digestive lumen. In about 2/3 of cases, infiltration stays at the muscular layer level, whereas crossing the mucosal layer is very rare (about 5%) occurring particularly with very large and practically sub-occlusive nodules. This explains why digestive nodules, even large ones, are not visible from inside the digestive tract, and why a colonoscopy can be interpreted as normal.

Chirurgie digestive nodule endométriose profonde
Fig 4: anatomical specimen of segmental digestive resection showing thickening of the colonic muscularis, a sign of infiltration by endometriosis

Digestive endometriosis nodules therefore infiltrate the digestive tract from the outside inwards, giving them a fan-shaped, an orange segment or mushroom appearance, with a base that is wider than the top. The base may be extended by infiltration of another organ (e.g., uterus, utero-sacral ligaments, vagina), resulting in an adhesion of the gastrointestinal tract to the involved organs (misinterpreted as simple adhesion).

Chirurgie digestive nodule endométriose profonde
Fig 5 and 6: Pelvic MRI and laparoscopic surgical view of a large endometriosis nodule in the rectum, with contiguous invasion of the torus uterinus and vagina

In other cases, the digestive nodules may be solitary, with a base that may be easy or not to identify on the surface of mobile intestine.

Chirurgie digestive nodule endométriose profonde
Fig 7: laparoscopic surgical view of a solitary sigmoid colon endometriosis nodule

It is important to understand that digestive endometriosis nodules are predominantly composed of muscular or fibrous tissue, while cells that resemble endometrial cells (hormone-dependent) constitute 15-20% of the volume of the nodule. This composition explains the minimal variations in digestive nodules (2) under the effect of amenorrhea, which in the majority of cases only leads to stabilizing the lesions, without them regressing.

of digestive

The symptoms linked to digestive nodules can be very diverse with in particular levels of pain that vary greatly from one patient to another. Symptoms may not be painful and their insidious and slow appearance and evolution, can lead to considerable delay in diagnosis and management. In other cases, patients may be asymptomatic for a long time.

The onset of symptoms usually associated with several mechanisms (3):

  • Cyclic inflammation of the digestive wall, around the digestive nodule, concomitant with menstruation, which is responsible for irritation of the digestive tract. This mechanism is likely to be the cause of diarrhea or cramps that patients experience especially during menstruation. In patients who suffer generalized constipation, this mechanism allows a pseudo-normalization of digestive transit during a period.
  • Thickening of the digestive wallwith loss of elastic properties or peristalsis. This phenomenon can explain certain defecatory difficulties (dyschezia), ie. when patients have difficulty eliminating stools, or have pain triggered by the arrival of stools in the rectal ampulla and by distension of the rectal wall.
  • Fixing of the colon or rectum in an abnormal position due to adhesions with neighboring structures. These adhesions can contribute to constipation.
  • Reduction in diameter of the rectal lumen in the case of large nodules. This phenomenonis much like an accident on a highway causing closure of 2 out of 3 lanes, leading to traffic backing up. The main symptoms include bloating, appearing at first during menstruation becoming permanent, a feeling of nausea and even vomiting. Even in the absence of ‘pain’, these symptoms indicate the potential risk of an occlusion.
Chirurgie digestive nodule endométriose profonde
Figs. 8 and 9: Colonoscopy and anatomy of a specimen of segmental digestive resection showing a deep nodule with occlusion of the digestive lumen

Blood loss via the anus (rectal bleeding) is only exceptionally due to bleeding from digestive nodules. In the vast majority of cases, this occurs from hemorrhage of an internal hemorrhoid, developed due to chronic defecatory efforts. It mayt also be due to a colonic polyp.

Digestive symptoms can also be affected by other mechanisms, independent of infiltration of the digestive tract, which can theoretically persist despite complete surgery of digestive lesions:

  • Infiltration, prolonged irritation or destruction of pelvic nerves leading to the digestive tract (the splanchnic nerves and lower hypogastric plexuses) can result in marked slowing of digestive transit and major difficulties in eliminating stool (4,5). In 80% of cases, a strong, involuntary and continuous contraction of the anal sphincter (anism) makes defecation even more difficult (6). This mechanism is usually not corrected by complete surgery of the lesions.
  • Functional disorders of the digestive tract, such as irritable bowel syndrome or functional colopathy, can cause alternating diarrhea and constipation, abdominal cramps and an overall feeling of digestive discomfort. These symptoms are therefore not corrected by surgery, and require management by a gastroenterologist.

Medical treatment of
digestive endometriosis

Despite its limited effect on the size of the digestive nodules, amenorrhea allows significant improvement in digestive symptoms in a majority of cases. In a study carried out at Rouen University Hospital, digestive symptoms were found to disappear in approximately 50% of cases in women under medical treatment (7).

Nevertheless, menopausal women with large nodules of the digestive tract sometimes undergo surgery due to persistence of sub-occlusive symptoms lasting several years after the onset of the menopause.

Because of the low risk of complications, medical treatment is generally initiated as a first-line treatment, especially in women with no side effects and those not wishing to conceive.

Surgical treatment of digestive endometriosis

Two surgical approaches for digestive endometriosis lesions:

  • The conservative approach is based on an exeresis that follows the outline of the digestive endometriosis nodule (cutting of the nodule) without removing the infiltrated segment of the digestive tract. The exeresis can be carried out without opening the digestive tract lumen (shaving) or involve opening the digestive tract followed by suturing of the healthy edges (discoid exeresis).
  • The radical approach, based on segmental resection of the infiltrated digestive tract, followed by end-to-end suturing of the proximal and distal bowel ends.

It is important to offer patients with endometriosis the surgical treatment that is best suited to their situation, i.e. personalized or customized. Our team respects this principle, demonstrated by the overall balanced ratio between the three techniques used in current practice: shaving, discoid resection or colorectal resection (8).

Chirugie endométriose colorectale IFEM Endo
Fig 10 : Distribution of types of digestive surgery performed at IFEM Endo


Shaving is an excisional technique which allows the endometriosis nodule to be removed without opening the digestive tract lumen.

The approaches, advantages and risks of each technique are presented in an academic manner in the video below.

Chirurgie digestive nodule endométriose profonde
Fig 11: The shaving surgical approach shown on an anatomical specimen and diagram

The major advantage of this technique concerns avoidance of contamination of the abdominal cavity from bacteria contained in the colon and considerable reduction in risk of certain adverse complications of this surgery (risk of digestive fistula is reduced by 5-6 x, hemorrhages occurring at digestive sutures are completely avoided). The improvement of postoperative symptoms is significant, as shown in clinical studies including patients operated on at Rouen University Hospital (4,5,9,10). On the other hand, exeresis of endometriosis nodules may be incomplete, with a risk of recurrence possibly higher than with other techniques in the long term. In our experience, we estimate a risk of recurrence of about 8% at 5-10 years after surgery (11). On the basis of these observations to avoid rectal recurrence in a single patient, 12 patients would have to undergo segmental colorectal resection instead of shaving, which would logically entail a higher risk of postoperative complications (12). These arguments for and against shaving should be discussed during the preoperative consultation. Most experts agree that shaving is the first choice, when nodule (small, shallow nodules) and patient characteristics (women over 30 years of age, who already have children and accept postoperative medical treatment, patients who refuse transfusions, etc.) allow it.

Discoid excision

Discoid exeresis involves“cutting” the nodule and opening the digestive tract lumen, followed by repair of the tube with a transverse suture (perpendicular to the axis of the digestive tract).

Chirurgie endométriose digestive nodule
Fig 12: The discoid excision surgical approach shown on an anatomical specimen and diagram

This technique is used by certain teams worldwide and is an indicator of excellence for our team. The two founding surgeons of IFEM Endo have in total performed more than 450 discoid resections, placing them among the most experienced surgeons for this technique in the world. Our team has published a large number of scientific and teaching articles on discoid resection, which are regularly cited in international literature (4,13,14,15,16). The advantages of discoid resection over traditional segmental resection include better preservation of the rectum, in terms of length and volume, vascularization and nerves that control its function, as well as the absence of risk of colonic constriction after surgery. This may allow better functioning of the operated rectum in women having undergone discoid resection compared to those having undergone segmental colorectal resection, particularly when nodules affect the last 10 centimeters of the rectum (endometriosis of the lower or middle rectum). Compared with shaving, the advantage of discoid exeresis involves greater probability of complete exeresis of nodule edges, particularly that are deep and in contact with digestive tract lumen. However compared with shaving, discoid excision carries a notable risk of digestive fistula (1,17). Since cutting of the nodule creates an opening in the digestive tract, this opening requires a suture which may become loose in 1 to 3% of cases, leading to leaking of stool outside the colon and necessitating an emergency re-operation and creation of a stoma (artificial anus). The risk of fistula is comparable to that of segmental resection (which also involves suture of the colon), but is 5 to 6 times higher than that of shaving, which does not require suture. Recurrences in the rectum after discoid resection are very rare occuring in less than 2% of cases in our experience.

Segmental resection

Segmental resection is a “traditional” technique for the treatment of all kinds of colonic lesions (endometriosis, infectious lesions, cancer) and allows a whole segment of colon to be removed and healthy margins of various width around the lesion.

Chirurgie endométriose digestive nodule
Fig 13 : Segmental resection surgical approach shown on an anatomical specimen and diagram

This requires connection of the proximal and distal ends of the removed segment, with a circular suture. Segmental resection is a technique performed regularly by digestive surgeons, even by those with no particular experience in endometriosis, as it is used for other pathologies of the digestive tract. The advantage of this technique is linked to the more radical nature of the exeresis with wide healthy margins, as for cancer treatment, which allows a very low risk of recurrence (around 1%) in the rectum (18). Also, segmental resection allows removal of all sized nodules and particularly very large nodules for which shaving and discoid resection are technically impossible. On the other hand, risk of immediate complications after segmental resection is higher compared to shaving and discoid resection (12). There is also probably a higher risk of dysfunction of the operated rectum when the nodule involves the lower or middle rectum (the last 10 cm of the rectum) (19). This dysfunction leads to a syndrome known as LARS (low anterior resection syndrome) which associates difficulties in eliminating stools, very frequent stools, difficulties in retaining stools and even anal incontinence (20,21). Postoperative functional problems after segmental resection can sometimes be very problematic and has led us to innovate in surgery for nodules of the lower rectum, by proposing innovative techniques for discoid exeresis of very large nodules, such as the “Rouen technique” (22) and “double discoid” exeresis (14).

Choice of surgical technique

The use of one of the three techniques is chosen before surgery, according to the characteristics of digestive endometriosis nodules and needs of the patient. Our surgeons calculate the best benefit/risk balance in each case, but the final decision is made by the patient.

An equal use of the 3 techniques reflects the absence of preference on the part of our surgeons, the individualized and tailored choice of each type of surgery and the aim of ensuring the best result for each case (8).

Before performing surgery for digestive endometriosis, the surgeons require information on the number and location of the different lesions, obtained from preoperative imaging, including MRI, endopelvic ultrasound, endorectal ultrasound, colonography depending on the case. These tests will be recommended according to your disease type.

Risks associated with colorectal endometriosis surgery

Colorectal endometriosis surgery is generally complex, and patients should be made aware of the rate of complications before agreeing to the procedure. The following list of complications is not exhaustive, and concerns only those of frequency greater than 1%. Depending on your particular situation, the risk of certain complications may vary and will be discussed in detail before surgery.

Our surgeons put their considerable experience in this type of surgery (8,23) to avoiding these complications as much as possible, by choosing the surgical strategy best suited to your situation, identifying the first signs of a complication and by rapid intervention for resolution of a complication if required.

Intraoperative risks

Intraoperative risks (during surgery) with a cumulative under 1% :

  • Severe bleeding requiring a transfusion
  • Severe bleeding requiring conversion to laparotomy
  • Accidental mechanical or thermal injury of ureters
  • Accidental mechanical or thermal injury of the intestine

Immediate postoperative risks

Immediate postoperative risks (during the first 2 weeks after surgery)

  • Loosening of digestive sutures (discoidal excision or segmental resection), with or without peritonitis, requiring emergency reoperation and placement of a temporary stoma (if stoma was not performed during the initial surgery)
  • Digestive fistula at the shaved area requiring a temporary stoma
  • Rectovaginal fistula sometimes requiring one or more operations and an extended period with a stoma.
  • Infected pelvic abscess or hematoma requiring a second operation usually during the first 5-10 days after the initial surgery.
  • Bladder atony (inability to empty the bladder correctly, due to section/overexertion/edema of splanchnic nerves which ensure the voluntary contraction of the bladder and which are in immediate contact with or infiltrated by the deep endometriosis lesion) requiring 5 daily bladder self-catheterizations, for a period of several weeks, months or years and in rare cases for life.
  • Limb pain or muscle paralysis due to compression of the nerves of the lower limbs following the position on the operating table during long surgical procedures (compartment syndrome)

Late postoperative risks

Late postoperative risks(more than one or two months postoperatively) :

  • Digestive functional disorders related to LARS syndrome (severe constipation or increased daily stool frequency) or incomplete restoration of digestive function impaired before surgery
  • Anal continence disorders with involuntary gas loss and in more rare cases of liquid or solid stools
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Permanent infertility due to reduced ovarian reserve, requiring ovocyte donation
  • Development of pelvic hypersensitivity, which can extend to the gynecological, digestive or urinary sphere, indicated by neuropathic type pain which evolves on its own, and requiring long-term care in a pain relief center. This risk can affect women with severe or superficial endometriosis and appear without surgery. How it appears remains little understood and the risk is impossible to estimate.

Placement of a temporary stoma

Stomie endométriose poche
Fig 14: Diagram showing ileostomy and colostomy dermal orifices

When performing surgery for digestive tract endometriosis, it is necessary to take into consideration the possibility of placing a temporary stoma (artificial anus).

The purpose of a stoma is to divert stool upstream from the surgical site to allow for better healing. The stoma can be performed at the outset, during endometriosis surgery, when the surgeons (gynecologist and digestive surgeon) estimate that there is a significant risk of incomplete healing of the digestive suture, which can lead to digestive fistula. Digestive fistula is one of the most severe complications of digestive surgery (17) and is due to the opening of digestive suture, with release of stool into the abdomen (leading to peritonitis) or into the vagina (when an excision of the vagina has been performed). When a stoma is not performed immediately, the occurrence of a fistula requires emergency surgery and placement of a temporary stoma. The stoma is maintained for about 2 months. Its closure by a new surgical intervention is performed once complete healing of the digestive tract suture is certain. In the case of digestive fistula, the stoma may be maintained for several months until complete healing of the fistula (17). One or more additional surgeries may also be required to achieve permanent closure of the fistula (17).

Placing a stoma does not prevent all risks of digestive fistula, but reduces the risk of complications following the appearance of the fistula (peritonitis, complete opening of the digestive suture, etc). Performing a stoma however, presents risks of its own. These specific complications require surgical repair in about 8% of cases (24).

Consequently whether a stoma should be perfomed or not requires detailed discussion with the gynecologic and digestive surgeon before surgery, so as to find the best balance between expected risks and benefits.

Evolution of digestive endometriosis in the absence of surgical treatment

In the absence of surgical treatment for your disease, the disease development, even minimal and despite medical treatment may lead to the following symptoms:

  • Increasingly obvious digestive phenomenato and including intestinal obstruction, requiring emergency surgery often with opening of the abdomen and placing of a stoma.
  • Bladder disorders to and including bladder atony due to infiltration of the splanchnic nerves which ensure voluntary contraction of the bladder, requiring 5 daily self-catheterizations. Once they have appeared, these disorders are in our experience irreversible, even after complete endometriosis surgery.
  • Pain in the lower limbs (sciatica) or in the buttocks due to compression of the sacral roots.
  • Inability to conceive spontaneously and sometimes even by IVF or ICSI

Surgery for digestive endometriosis cannot be envisaged without considering remote consequences on digestive function. Generally, we do not propose surgery to patients with no symptoms, for the simple reason that the surgery may engender the appearance of certain disorders. Even if minimal, these disturbances are unacceptable in patients with normal digestive function before surgery. The preoperative consultation allows a thorough discussion of risks related to surgery in the light of possible complications related to the evolution of digestive endometriosis without surgery. This enables patients to make an informed decision.

in numbers

1 200

women treated each year in France for digestive endometriosis


experience an improvement in their digestive symptoms with medical treatment


have a risk of recurrence 5 years after colorectal resection or discoid removal


  1. Roman H; FRIENDS group (French coloRectal Infiltrating ENDometriosis Study group). A national snapshot of the surgical management of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum and colon in France in 2015: A multicenter series of 1135 cases. J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod. 2017;46(2):159-165. doi:10.1016/j.jogoh.2016.09.004
  2. Netter A, d’Avout-Fourdinier P, Agostini A, Roman H. Progression of deep infiltrating rectosigmoid endometriotic nodules. Hum Reprod. 2019;34(11):2144-2152. doi:10.1093/humrep/dez188
  3. Roman H, Vassilieff M, Gourcerol G, et al. Surgical management of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum: pleading for a symptom-guided approach. Hum Reprod. 2011;26(2):274-281. doi:10.1093/humrep/deq332
  4. Roman H, Bubenheim M, Huet E, et al. Conservative surgery versus colorectal resection in deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum: a randomized trial. Hum Reprod. 2018;33(1):47-57. doi:10.1093/humrep/dex336
  5. Roman H, Bubenheim M, Huet E, et al. Baseline severe constipation negatively impacts functional outcomes of surgery for deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum: Results of the ENDORE randomized trial. J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod. 2019;48(8):625-629. doi:10.1016/j.jogoh.2019.03.013
  6. Mabrouk M, Ferrini G, Montanari G, et al. Does colorectal endometriosis alter intestinal functions? A prospective manometric and questionnaire-based study. Fertil Steril. 2012;97:652-6.
  7. Roman H, Saint Ghislain M, Milles M, et al. Improvement of digestive complaints in women with severe colorectal endometriosis benefiting from continuous amenorrhoea triggered by triptorelin. A prospective pilot study. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2015;43(9):575-581. doi:10.1016/j.gyobfe.2015.07.001
  8. Roman H, Chanavaz-Lacheray I, Forestier D, Merlot B, et al. Complications postopératoires immédiates dans un centre chirurgical multidisciplinaire exclusivement dédié à l’endométriose : une série de 491 patientes [Early postoperative complications in a multidisciplinary surgical center exclusively dedicated to endometriosis: A 491-patients series]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol. 2020;48(6):484-490. doi:10.1016/j.gofs.2020.03.009
  9. Roman H, Moatassim-Drissa S, Marty N, et al. Rectal shaving for deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum: a 5-year continuous retrospective series. Fertil Steril. 2016;106(6):1438-1445.e2. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.07.1097
  10. Marty N, Touleimat S, Moatassim-Drissa S, Millochau JC, Vallee A, Stochino Loi E, Desnyder E, Roman H. Rectal Shaving Using Plasma Energy in Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis of the Rectum: Four Years of Experience. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2017;24(7):1121-1127. doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2017.06.019
  11. Roman H, Milles M, Vassilieff M, et al. Long-term functional outcomes following colorectal resection versus shaving for rectal endometriosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;215(6):762.e1-762.e9. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2016.06.055
  12. Abo C, Moatassim S, Marty N, Roman H, et al. Postoperative complications after bowel endometriosis surgery by shaving, disc excision, or segmental resection: a three-arm comparative analysis of 364 consecutive cases. Fertil Steril. 2018;109(1):172-178.e1. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.10.001
  13. Roman H. Disc Excision using Transanal Circular Stapler for Deep Endometriosis of the Rectum in 10 Steps [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 23]. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2020;S1553-4650(20)30192-8. doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2020.04.017
  14. Namazov A, Kathurusinghe S, Marabha J, Merlot B, Forestier D, Roman H, et al. Double Disk Excision of Large Deep Endometriosis Nodules Infiltrating the Low and Mid Rectum: A Pilot Study of 20 Cases [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 30]. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2020;S1553-4650(20)30194-1. doi:10.1016/j.jmig.2020.04.019
  15. Roman H, Darwish B, Bridoux V, et al. Functional outcomes after disc excision in deep endometriosis of the rectum using transanal staplers: a series of 111 consecutive patients. Fertil Steril. 2017;107(4):977-986.e2. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2016.12.030
  16. Roman H, Abo C, Huet E, et al. Full-Thickness Disc Excision in Deep Endometriotic Nodules of the Rectum: A Prospective Cohort. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015;58(10):957-966. doi:10.1097/DCR.0000000000000447
  17. Roman H, Bridoux V, Merlot B, et al. Risk of bowel fistula following surgical management of deep endometriosis of the rectosigmoid: a series of 1102 cases. Hum Reprod. 2020;35(7):1601-1611. doi:10.1093/humrep/deaa131
  18. Roman H, Hennetier C, Darwish B, et al. Bowel occult microscopic endometriosis in resection margins in deep colorectal endometriosis specimens has no impact on short-term postoperative outcomes. Fertil Steril. 2016;105(2):423-9.e7. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2015.09.030
  19. Farella M, Roman H, Bridoux V, Tuech JJ, et al. Surgical management by disk excision or colorectal resection of low rectal endometriosis and risk of low anterior resection syndrome: a retrospective comparative study. Dis Colon Rectum 2020; In press.
  20. Emmertsen KJ, Laurberg S. Low anterior resection syndrome score: development and validation of a symptom-based scoring system for bowel dysfunction after low anterior resection for rectal cancer. Ann Surg.2012;255(5):922‑8.
  21. Ridolfi TJ, Berger N, Ludwig KA. LowAnterior Resection Syndrome: Current Management and Future Directions. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2016;29(3):239-45.
  22. Bridoux V, Roman H, Kianifard B, et al. Combined transanal and laparoscopic approach for the treatment of deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum. Hum Reprod. 2012;27(2):418-426. doi:10.1093/humrep/der422
  23. Roman H, et al. Le taux global de complications postopératoires n’est pas un marqueur fiable de l’expérience d’un chirurgien: une série rétrospective de 1.060 interventions pour endométriose colorectale. J Visc Surg 2020 ; In press.
  24. Bonin E, Bridoux V, Chati R, Roman H, et al. Diverting stoma-related complications following colorectal endometriosis surgery: a 163-patient cohort. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2019;232:46-53. doi:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.11.008

Get advice and support from a specialist in digestive endometriosis

Our team has a strong track record in digestive endometriosis surgery. More than 300 patients received surgery for digestive endometriosis in 2019 in our center, one of the most experienced in Europe and across the world (8).

Last updated on May 5, 2021 @ 10:51